The new gaol was opened at Gloucester.
This was a break through in prison reform.
It replaced the old county gaol at Gloucester that was housed in the keep of a Norman castle.
The old county gaol had no bath, no medical facilities, no sewers.
Human waste was mounted up in a heap by the gate.
It was so run down that prisoners were chained up at night to stop them escaping through holes in the walls.
Disease was so rife that for every prisoner executed, 3 died of disease.